European Union wants to reduce emissions from shipping
Emissions from the global shipping industry amount to around 1 billion tonnes a year, accounting for 3% of the world’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and 4% of the EU’s total emissions. And, without action, they are expected to increase significantly in the future.
For that reason, in June 2013 the European Commission set out a strategy for progressively integrating maritime emissions into the EU’s policy for reducing its domestic greenhouse gas emissions. The strategy consists of three consecutive steps: Monitoring, reporting and verification of CO2 emissions from large ships using EU ports (MRV) from 2018; Greenhouse gas reduction targets for the maritime transport sector; Further measures, including MBMs, in the medium to long term.
So, the first step of the proposal would create an EU-wide legal framework for collecting and publishing verified annual data on CO2 emissions from all large ships (over 5 000 gross tons) that use EU ports, irrespective of where the ships are registered.
Ship owners would have to monitor and report the verified amount of CO2 emitted by their large ships on voyages to, from and between EU ports. Owners would also be required to provide certain other information, such as data to determine the ships’ energy efficiency.
A document of compliance issued by an independent verifier would have to be carried on board ships and would be subject to inspection by Member State authorities.
This week, the first of three crucial votes on the European Commission’s proposal took place. With 24 votes in favour and 14 against, the energy committee’s members backed the EU executive’s draft legislation, despite some warnings from experts that the proposal was too weak.
Theodoros Skylakakis, a Greek liberal MEP (ALDE) who is a member of the European Parliament’s Environment Committee, said: “The MRV proposal is welcome as the first step for a European approach to develop emission reduction policies for the maritime sector consistent with the overall climate, air pollution and human health protection policies. There is, however, room for improvement concerning the scope of the regulation”.