Meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement could save about a million lives a year worldwide by 2050 through reductions in air pollution alone. The latest estimates from leading experts also indicate that the value of health gains from climate action would be approximately double the cost of mitigation policies at global level, and the benefit-to-cost ratio is even higher in countries such as China and India.
A WHO report launched at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP24) highlights why health considerations are critical to the advancement of climate action and outlines key recommendations for policy makers.
Exposure to air pollution causes 7 million deaths worldwide every year and costs an estimated US$ 5.11 trillion in welfare losses globally. In the 15 countries that emit the most greenhouse gas emissions, the health impacts of air pollution are estimated to cost more than 4% of their GDP. Actions to meet the Paris goals would cost around 1% of global GDP.
The same human activities that are destabilizing the Earth’s climate also contribute directly to poor health. The main driver of climate change is fossil fuel combustion which is also a major contributor to air pollution.
WHO’s COP-24 Special Report: health and climate change provides recommendations for governments on how to maximize the health benefits of tackling climate change and avoid the worst health impacts of this global challenge.
Some of these recommendations are:
-Identifying and promoting actions that both cut carbon emissions and reduce air pollution, and by including specific commitments to cut emissions of Short Climate Pollutants in their National Determined Contributions.
-Ensuring that the commitments to assess and safeguard health in the UNFCCC and Paris Agreement are reflected in the operational mechanisms at national and global levels.
-Removing barriers to investment in health adaptation to climate change, with a focus on climate resilient health systems, and climate smart healthcare facilities.
-Engagement with the health community, civil society and health professionals, to help them to mobilize collectively to promote climate action and health co-benefits.
-Promoting the role of cities and sub-national governments in climate action benefiting health, within the UNFCCC framework.
-Formal monitoring and reporting of the health progress resulting from climate actions to the global climate and health governance processes, and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
-Inclusion of the health implications of mitigation and adaptation measures in economic and fiscal policy.
You can download the report here
COP24 annual UN climate conference concluded on Friday evening in Katowice, Poland, and we want to comment the outcomes.
The agreed ‘Katowice Climate Package’ is designed to operationalize the climate change regime contained in the Paris Agreement as it includes guidelines that will operationalize the framework by setting out how countries will provide information about their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which includes mitigation and adaptation measures as well as details of financial support for climate action in developing countries.
The main issues from COP24 still to be resolved concern the use of cooperative approaches, as well as the sustainable development mechanism, as contained in the Paris Agreement’s Article 6. The Article 6 would allow countries to meet a part of their domestic mitigation goals through the use of so-called “market mechanisms”.
In this aspect, specifically Article 6.4, intends to replace the Kyoto Protocol’s “Clean Development Mechanism” (CDM) for carbon offsets and the main discussion was centred on how or whether to carry forward the offsets, schemes and methodologies drawn up under the CDM – and whether to place limits on their use for meeting pledges under the Paris Agreement.
There were also arguments around how double counting relates to emissions cuts taking place in sectors not covered by a country’s climate pledge (“outside” the NDC, as opposed to “inside” it). These matters appear to have been unresolved as of the end of COP24 and governments look set to resume talks next year at the COP25 in Chile on a framework for international emissions trade under the Paris Agreement’s Article 6.
Also we want to publish here IETA observations of the negotiations in Katowice. IETA explains in the report published on their website that more than two weeks of tough negotiations in the city of Katowice reached agreement on the bulk of a plan to implement the Paris Agreement. It is being hailed as a major landmark for transparency and reporting, but it failed to agree on the chapter governing Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. Despite several days of talks at ministerial level, the impasse could not be broken, and Article 6 decisions were set aside, to be revisited in 2019.
The only positive market provision in the Katowice Package is a basic reporting provision for market transfers, found in the Transparency rules for Article 13 (paragraph 77). Even this section relies on the more detailed guidance that is still incomplete.
According to IETA, The key outcomes from the two weeks include:
-The Paris Agreement Rule Book, which elaborates rules governing the reporting of emissions, regular stocktakes on progress in mitigation, adaptation, financial flows, addressing loss and damage, and a commitment to boost the ambition of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).
-Formal acknowledgement of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’s Special Report on Pathways to 1.5°C.
-Conclusion of the Talanoa Dialogue, the year-long process of sharing stories and experiences that was designed to build trust and confidence in the multilateral approach and encourage ambition.
-A proposal by the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres to convene a Climate Summit in September 2019.
-A mandate for the chair of the SBSTA to continue negotiations over the implementation of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.
-Agreement to meet in Chile for COP25, although the date and specific venue are still uncertain.
You can download the full report here
Alexis L. Leroy, CEO and founder of ALLCOT Group, will attend COP24 in Katowice, Poland, where he will be in several events.
First of all, he will participate in the United Nations Clean Development Mechanism Executive Board’s side-event as a panelist. Each year the EB organizes a CDM EB side-event on the margins of the COP and SB sessions and this will also be the case this year in Katowice at COP24. The topic of this year’s side-event is Experience gained and lessons learned from the CDM. The side-event will take place on Monday 3 December 2018, from 15:00 to 16:30, Venue: Room ‘Bug’ – Pavilion G, and Mr. Leroy’s presentation is titled Lessons from project developers.
The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has registered more than 8,000 projects and programmes in 111 countries, and has created a rich infrastructure of governance, rules, regulations and standards for assessing mitigation activities.
To capture the experience gained and lessons learned from the CDM, the side-event will draw from a diverse set of CDM stakeholders, ranging from project developers, financiers, academics, civil society, national authorities, verifiers, and others.
The event will also present and discuss the outcomes of the “CDM achievements report” which was launched during the EB100 meeting. The achievements report captures the successes of the CDM since 2001 with stories from projects, inputs from a wide range of stakeholders, and informative graphics and pictures.
This side event gives a unique opportunity to reflect on the broad range of experience gained and lessons learned over the 17 years of the CDM and discuss their continued relevance in the current evolving context.
Furthermore, Mr. Leroy will attend the conference titled Digital Decarbonization: Harnessing the Digital Technologies for a New Climate Action, which will take place on Wednesday 5 December at African Development Bank Pavilion from 9:00 to 10:30. Also this day Mr. Leroy will be a speaker in the side event DCAI, from 16:00 to 18:00 at Korea Pavillion. He and José Lindo, CEO of Climatecoin, will speak about ClimateTrade, a blockchain carbon credits platform.
On Thursday 6 December, he will attend another Side event from 15:00—16:30, at Meeting Room Pieniny titled Double counting – the billion dollar question for implementing Article 6 carbon markets, organized by Project Developer Forum.
Also, Mr. Leroy will attend Sustainable Innovation Forum, which will take place on Sunday 9 and Monday 10 December. In one of the conferences, titled Game Changers: The Financial Tools of Tomorrow, which will take place on Sunday 9 at 3:15 pm at Vienna House Easy Angelo. José Lindo, CEO of Climatecoin, will present officially ClimateTrade, the blockchain carbon credits platform. ClimateTrade enables peer-to-peer transactions through a CO2 token and it is testing by a select group of corporations and governments, such as ALLCOT.
CMIA and IETA present the Carbon Pricing Champion Award, Sponsored by ALLCOT Group
Another important event is the celebration of Carbon Pricing Champion Award, organized by CMIA and IETA and sponsored by ALLCOT Group.
You can join us at the IETA Business Hub
Time & Dates:
Friday Dec 7th: 16:00-16:30 followed by a Reception
Thursday Dec 13th: 17:00-17:30, followed by a Reception
Venue: IETA Business Hub